top

  Info

  • Utilizzare la checkbox di selezione a fianco di ciascun documento per attivare le funzionalità di stampa, invio email, download nei formati disponibili del (i) record.

  Info

  • Utilizzare questo link per rimuovere la selezione effettuata.
The 2021 yearbook of the digital ethics lab / / edited by Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley
The 2021 yearbook of the digital ethics lab / / edited by Josh Cowls, Jessica Morley
Pubbl/distr/stampa Cham, Switzerland : , : Springer, , [2021]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (230 pages)
Disciplina 303.4
Collana Digital Ethics Lab Yearbook Ser.
Soggetto topico Computer science - Moral and ethical aspects
Information technology - Moral and ethical aspects
Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 3-030-80083-0
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Intro -- Contents -- Contributors -- Chapter 1: Introduction -- Chapter 2: Are the Dead Taking Over Instagram? A Follow-up to Öhman & -- Watson (2019) -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Data -- 3 Methodology -- 4 Uncertainty -- 5 Findings -- 6 Discussion -- 7 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3: Emotional Self-Awareness as a Digital Literacy -- 1 Introduction -- 2 What Is Emotional-Self-Awareness? -- 3 Social and Emotional Learning -- 4 Digital Literacy -- 5 Towards a More Individualized Digital Literacy -- 5.1 Consuming Digital Information -- 5.2 Creating Digital Information -- 5.3 Learning About Digital Information -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4: The Marionette Question: What Is Yet to Be Answered about the Ethics of Online Behaviour Change? -- References -- Chapter 5: On the Limits of Design: What Are the Conceptual Constraints on Designing Artificial Intelligence for Social Good? -- 1 Introduction -- 2 The Philosophy of Information and the Logic of Design -- 3 Artificial Intelligence and Design for Social Good -- 4 Collective Action Problems and the Internal Constraints on Design -- 5 Cosmos, Taxis and the External Constraints on Design -- 6 The Pilgrim's Progress -- 6.1 Holistic Design -- 6.2 Dual System Approach -- 6.3 Gradual Implementation -- 6.4 Tolerant Design -- 6.5 Design for Serendipity -- 7 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 6: AI and Its New Winter: From Myths to Realities -- References -- Chapter 7: The Governance of AI and Its Legal Context-Dependency -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Models of Legal Regulation -- 3 A Bunch of Laws for AI -- 4 Legal Context-Dependency -- 5 Models of Governance for AI -- 6 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 8: How to Design a Governable Digital Health Ecosystem -- 1 Introduction -- 2 A Systemic Approach -- 2.1 Fairness at the Systems Level -- 2.2 Accountability and Transparency at the Systems Level.
3 A Proactive Approach to Ethical Governance -- 3.1 Data Access: Collectively Tackle the Issues of Confidentiality and Consent for the Public Good -- 3.2 Data Protection: Enable Competition to Ensure Fair Return on Data Investment -- 3.3 Accountability: Reframe Regulation as an Enabling Service -- 3.4 Evidence: Invest in "Safe" Environments for Experimentation -- 4 Keeping Society-in-the-Loop -- 5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9: Ethical Guidelines for SARS-CoV-2 Digital Tracking and Tracing Systems -- 1 The Ethical Risks of COVID-19 Digital Tracking and Tracing Systems -- 2 Guidelines for Ethically Justifiable Design and Development of Digital Tracking and Tracing Systems -- 3 Only One Chance to Get It Right -- References -- Chapter 10: On the Risks of Trusting Artificial Intelligence: The Case of Cybersecurity -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Trustworthiness and Trust -- 3 AI for Cybersecurity Tasks -- 4 The Vulnerability of AI -- 5 Making AI in Cybersecurity Reliable -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 11: The Explanation Game: A Formal Framework for Interpretable Machine Learning -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Why Explain Algorithms? -- 2.1 Justice as (Algorithmic) Fairness -- 2.2 The Context of (Algorithmic) Justification -- 2.3 The Context of (Algorithmic) Discovery -- 3 Formal Background -- 3.1 Supervised Learning -- 3.2 Causal Interventionism -- 3.3 Decision Theory -- 4 Scope -- 4.1 Complete -- 4.2 Precise -- 4.3 Forthcoming -- 5 The Explanation Game -- 5.1 Three Desiderata -- Accuracy -- Simplicity -- Relevance -- 5.2 Rules of the Game -- Inputs -- Mapping the Space -- Building Models, Scoring Explanations -- 5.3 Consistency and Convergence -- 6 Discussion -- 7 Objections -- 7.1 Too Highly Idealised -- 7.2 Infinite Regress -- 7.3 Pragmatism + Pluralism = Relativist Anarchy? -- 7.4 No Trade-off -- 7.5 Double Standards -- 8 Conclusion -- References.
Chapter 12: Algorithmic Fairness in Mortgage Lending: From Absolute Conditions to Relational Trade-offs -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Discrimination in Mortgage Lending -- 2.1 Legal Framework for Discrimination -- 3 Sources of Discriminatory Bias -- 3.1 Over-Estimation of Minority Risk -- 3.2 Under-Estimation of Minority Risk -- 4 Impact of Algorithms -- 5 Methodology -- 5.1 Data -- 5.2 Algorithms -- 6 Limitations of Existing Fairness Literature -- 6.1 Ex Post Fairness -- 6.2 Group Fairness -- 6.3 Equalisation of Evaluation Metrics -- 6.4 Fairness Impossibility -- 6.5 Proxies of Race and Proxies of Risk -- 6.6 Existing Structural Bias -- 7 Ex Ante Fairness -- 7.1 Individual Fairness -- 7.2 Counterfactual Fairness -- 8 Limitations in Existing Approaches to Fairness -- 9 Proposal of Trade-off Analysis -- 9.1 Operationalisation of Variables -- 9.2 Financial Inclusion -- 9.3 Negative Impact on Minorities -- 10 Trade-off Analysis -- 10.1 Proxies of Race -- 10.2 Triangulation of Applicant's Race -- 11 Limitations and Future Work -- 12 Conclusion -- Appendix -- Features -- References -- Chapter 13: Ethical Foresight Analysis: What It Is and Why It Is Needed? -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Background -- 2.1 Definitions -- 2.2 A Brief History of Foresight Analysis -- 2.3 Relevant Concepts for Ethical Foresight Analysis -- 2.4 When is Ethical Foresight Analysis Useful? -- 3 Existing Methodologies of Ethical Foresight Analysis -- 3.1 Crowdsourced Single Predictions Frameworks (Delphi and Prediction Markets) -- 3.2 Evaluation -- 3.3 Technology Assessment (TA) -- 3.4 Evaluation -- 3.5 Debate-Oriented Frameworks (eTA) -- 3.6 Evaluation -- 3.7 Far Future Techniques (Techno-Ethical Scenarios Approach, TES) -- 3.8 Evaluation -- 3.9 Government and Policy Planning Techniques (ETICA) -- 3.10 Evaluation -- 3.11 Combinatory Techniques (Anticipatory Technology Ethics, ATE).
3.12 Evaluation -- 4 Discussion: Known Limitations of EFA -- 5 Recommendations for Potential Future Approaches to EFA -- 6 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 14: Artificial Intelligence Crime: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreseeable Threats and Solutions -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 What Are the Fundamentally Unique and Plausible Threats Posed by AIC? -- 1.2 What Solutions Are Available or May be Devised to Deal with AIC? -- 2 Methodology -- 3 Threats -- 3.1 Commerce, Financial Markets, and Insolvency -- 4 Harmful or Dangerous Drugs -- 5 Offences against the Person -- 6 Sexual Offences -- 7 Theft and Fraud, and Forgery and Personation -- 8 Possible Solutions for Artificial Intelligence-Supported Crime -- 8.1 Tackling Emergence -- 8.2 Addressing Liability -- 8.3 Monitoring -- 8.4 Psychology -- 9 Conclusions -- 9.1 Areas -- 9.2 Dual-Use -- 9.3 Security -- 9.4 Persons -- 9.5 Organisation -- References.
Record Nr. UNINA-9910508450803321
Cham, Switzerland : , : Springer, , [2021]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Against reduction : designing a human future with machines / / Noelani Arista, Sasha Costanza-Chock, Vafa Ghazavi, Suzanne Kite, Cathryn Klusmeier, Jason Edward Lewis, Archer Pechawis, Jaclyn Sawyer, Gary Zhexi Zhang, and Snoweria Zhang ; introduction by Kate Darling
Against reduction : designing a human future with machines / / Noelani Arista, Sasha Costanza-Chock, Vafa Ghazavi, Suzanne Kite, Cathryn Klusmeier, Jason Edward Lewis, Archer Pechawis, Jaclyn Sawyer, Gary Zhexi Zhang, and Snoweria Zhang ; introduction by Kate Darling
Autore Arista Noelani
Pubbl/distr/stampa Cambridge, Massachusetts : , : The MIT Press, , [2021]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Artificial intelligence - Social aspects
ISBN 0-262-36731-9
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910548264903321
Arista Noelani  
Cambridge, Massachusetts : , : The MIT Press, , [2021]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Against reduction : designing a human future with machines / / Noelani Arista, Sasha Costanza-Chock, Vafa Ghazavi, Suzanne Kite, Cathryn Klusmeier, Jason Edward Lewis, Archer Pechawis, Jaclyn Sawyer, Gary Zhexi Zhang, and Snoweria Zhang ; introduction by Kate Darling
Against reduction : designing a human future with machines / / Noelani Arista, Sasha Costanza-Chock, Vafa Ghazavi, Suzanne Kite, Cathryn Klusmeier, Jason Edward Lewis, Archer Pechawis, Jaclyn Sawyer, Gary Zhexi Zhang, and Snoweria Zhang ; introduction by Kate Darling
Autore Arista Noelani
Pubbl/distr/stampa Cambridge, Massachusetts : , : The MIT Press, , [2021]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource
Disciplina 303.48/34
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Artificial intelligence - Social aspects
ISBN 0-262-36732-7
9780262543125
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Altri titoli varianti Designing a Human Future with Machines
Record Nr. UNINA-9910557459803321
Arista Noelani  
Cambridge, Massachusetts : , : The MIT Press, , [2021]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
AI ethics / / Mark Cockelbergh
AI ethics / / Mark Cockelbergh
Autore Coeckelbergh Mark
Pubbl/distr/stampa Cambridge : , : MIT Press, , [2020]
Descrizione fisica 1 PDF (248 pages)
Disciplina 170
Collana MIT Press Essential Knowledge series
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 9780262357067
0262357062
9780262538190
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Intro -- Contents -- Series Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- 1: Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall -- The AI Hype and Fears: Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall, Who Is the Smartest of Us All? -- The Real and Pervasive Impact of AI -- The Need to Discuss Ethical and Societal Problems -- This Book -- 2: Superintelligence, Monsters, and the AI Apocalypse -- Superintelligence and Transhumanism -- Frankenstein's New Monster -- Transcendence and the AI Apocalypse -- How to Go beyond Competition Narratives and beyond the Hype -- 3: All about the Human
Is General AI Possible? Are There Fundamental Differences between Humans and Machines? -- Modernity, (Post)humanism, and Postphenomenology -- 4: Just Machines? -- Questioning the Moral Status of AI: Moral Agency and Moral Patiency -- Moral Agency -- Moral Patiency -- Toward More Practical Ethical Issues -- 5: The Technology -- What Is Artificial Intelligence? -- Different Approaches and Subfields -- Applications and Impact -- 6: Don't Forget the Data (Science) -- Machine Learning -- Data Science -- Applications -- 7: Privacy and the Other Usual Suspects -- Privacy and Data Protection
Manipulation, Exploitation, and Vulnerable Users -- Fake News, the Danger of Totalitarianism, and the Impact on Personal Relationships -- Safety and Security -- 8: A-responsible Machines and Unexplainable Decisions -- How Can and Should We Attribute Moral Responsibility? -- Transparency and Explainability -- 9: Bias and the Meaning of Life -- Bias -- The Future of Work and the Meaning of Life -- 10: Policy Proposals -- What Needs to Be Done and Other Questions Policymakers Have to Answer -- Ethical Principles and Justifications
Technological Solutions and the Question of Methods and Operationalization -- 11: Challenges for Policymakers -- Proactive Ethics: Responsible Innovation and Embedding Values in Design -- Practice Oriented and Bottom Up: How Can We Translate These to Practice? -- Toward a Positive Ethics -- Interdisciplinarity and Transdisciplinarity -- The Risk of an AI Winter and the Danger of the Mindless Use of AI -- 12: It's the Climate, Stupid! On Priorities, the Anthropocene, and Elon Musk's Car in Space -- Should AI Ethics Be Human-Centric? -- Getting Our Priorities Right
Record Nr. UNINA-9910404549603321
Coeckelbergh Mark  
Cambridge : , : MIT Press, , [2020]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Artificial beings [[electronic resource] ] : the conscience of a conscious machine / / Jacques Pitrat
Artificial beings [[electronic resource] ] : the conscience of a conscious machine / / Jacques Pitrat
Autore Pitrat J (Jacques)
Pubbl/distr/stampa London, : ISTE
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (290 p.)
Disciplina 006.3
Collana ISTE
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Conscience
Consciousness
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-282-16548-8
9786612165481
0-470-61179-0
0-470-60805-6
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Artificial Beings; Contents; Acknowledgements; Note on the Terminology; Chapter 1. Presenting the Actors; 1.1. The book; 1.2. Human and artificial beings; 1.3. The computer; 1.4. The author; 1.5. CAIA, an artificial AI scientist; 1.6. The research domains of CAIA; 1.7. Further reading; Chapter 2. Consciousness and Conscience; 2.1. Several meanings of "consciousness"; 2.2. Extending the meaning of "conscience" for artificial beings; 2.3. Why is it useful to build conscious artificial beings with a conscience?; 2.4. Towards an artificial cognition; 2.4.1. A new kind of consciousness
2.4.2. A new kind of conscienceChapter 3. What Does "Itself" Mean for an Artificial Being?; 3.1. Various versions of an individual; 3.1.1. The concept of an individual for human beings; 3.1.2. The boundaries of an artificial being; 3.1.3. Passive and active versions of an individual; 3.1.4. Reflexivity; 3.2. Variants of an individual; 3.2.1. An individual changes with time; 3.2.2. Learning by comparing two variants; 3.2.3. Genetic algorithms; 3.2.4. The bootstrap; 3.3. Cloning artificial beings; 3.3.1. Cloning an artificial being is easy; 3.3.2. Cloning artificial beings is useful
3.4. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde3.5. The Society of Mind; 3.6. More on the subject; Chapter 4. Some Aspects of Consciousness; 4.1. Six aspects of consciousness; 4.1.1. One is in an active state; 4.1.2. One knows what one is doing; 4.1.3. One examines his/its internal state; 4.1.4. One knows what one knows; 4.1.5. One has a model of oneself; 4.1.6. One knows that one is different from the other individuals; 4.2. Some limits of consciousness; 4.2.1. Some limits of consciousness for man; 4.2.2. Some limits of consciousness for artificial beings; Chapter 5. Why is Auto-observation Useful?
5.1. Auto-observation while carrying out a task5.1.1. To guide toward the solution; 5.1.2. To avoid dangerous situations; 5.1.3. To detect mistakes; 5.1.4. To find where one has been clumsy; 5.1.5. To generate a trace; 5.2. Auto-observation after the completion of a task; 5.2.1. Creation of an explanation; 5.2.2. Using an explanation; 5.2.3. Finding anomalies; Chapter 6. How to Observe Oneself; 6.1. Interpreting; 6.2. Adding supplementary orders; 6.3. Using timed interruptions; 6.4. Using the interruptions made by the operating system; 6.5. Knowing its own state
6.6. Examining its own knowledge6.7. The agents of the Society of Mind; 6.8. The attention; 6.9. What is "I"; Chapter 7. The Conscience; 7.1. The conscience of human beings; 7.2. The conscience of an artificial being; 7.3. Laws for artificial beings; 7.3.1. Asimov's laws of robotics; 7.3.1. How can moral laws be implemented?; 7.3.3. The present situation; Chapter 8. Implementing a Conscience; 8.1. Why is a conscience helpful?; 8.1.1. The conscience helps to solve problems; 8.1.2. The conscience helps to manage its life; 8.1.3. Two ways to define moral knowledge
8.1.4. Who benefits from the conscience of an artificial being?
Record Nr. UNINA-9910139490003321
Pitrat J (Jacques)  
London, : ISTE
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Artificial intelligence : a national strategic initiative / / Tencent Research Institute [and three others]
Artificial intelligence : a national strategic initiative / / Tencent Research Institute [and three others]
Edizione [1st ed. 2021.]
Pubbl/distr/stampa Singapore : , : Palgrave Macmillan, , [2021]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (XXI, 322 p.)
Disciplina 340.028563
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Law and legislation
Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 981-15-6548-1
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Part I. Technology: The Reality of Disruptive Technology -- 1. Gaps in Understanding of AI -- 2. Artificial Intelligence's Past -- 3. Artificial Intelligence Today and in the Future -- Part II. Industry: The Complete Picture of the Development of AI -- 4. An Overview of the Artificial Intelligence Industry -- 5. Autonomous Driving -- 6. Intelligent Robots -- 7. Smart Healthcare -- 8. AI-Powered Investment Advice -- 9. Smart Homes -- 10. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles -- 11. Artificial Intelligence Enterprises -- Part III. Strategy: A Detailed Look at National Strategies -- 12. Top-Level Plans -- 13. The Power of Capital -- 14. Tangible Hands -- 15. Kind AI -- 16. The Fight for Talent -- Part IV. Law: Fairness and Justice in the Age of AI -- 17. How to Be Accountable for AI -- 18. Deep Privacy Concerns -- 19. Invisible Justice -- 20. Death of Authors -- 21. Who Am I? -- 22. Ten Trends in Artificial Intelligence Law -- Part V. Ethics: Human Values and Human-Machine Relations -- 23. Moral Machines -- 24. 23 "Strong Regulations" for AI -- 25. The Future of Human-Machine Relations -- Part VI. Governance: Balanced Development and Regulation -- 26. From Internet Governance to AI Governance -- 27. Challenges of AI Governance -- 28. AI Governance -- Part VII. The Future: Imagining the Future of AI Society -- 29. Whose Rice Bowl Has Been Smashed? -- 30. War Robots -- 31. Soulmate -- 32. New Productive Force.
Record Nr. UNINA-9910483227503321
Singapore : , : Palgrave Macmillan, , [2021]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Artificial intelligence and global security : future trends, threats and considerations / / edited by Yvonne R. Masakowski
Artificial intelligence and global security : future trends, threats and considerations / / edited by Yvonne R. Masakowski
Pubbl/distr/stampa Bingley, England : , : Emerald Publishing, , [2020]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (216 pages)
Disciplina 006.301
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Security, International
Armed Forces - Technological innovations
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-78973-811-3
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910493188103321
Bingley, England : , : Emerald Publishing, , [2020]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Artificial intelligence and global security : future trends, threats and considerations / / edited by Yvonne R. Masakowski
Artificial intelligence and global security : future trends, threats and considerations / / edited by Yvonne R. Masakowski
Pubbl/distr/stampa Bingley, England : , : Emerald Publishing, , [2020]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (216 pages)
Disciplina 006.301
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Security, International
Armed Forces - Technological innovations
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-78973-811-3
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910530155003321
Bingley, England : , : Emerald Publishing, , [2020]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
Ethics, governance, and policies in artificial intelligence / / edited by Luciano Floridi
Ethics, governance, and policies in artificial intelligence / / edited by Luciano Floridi
Pubbl/distr/stampa Cham, Switzerland : , : Springer, , [2021]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (392 pages)
Disciplina 174.90063
Collana Philosophical Studies Ser.
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Law and legislation
Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 3-030-81907-8
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910508467203321
Cham, Switzerland : , : Springer, , [2021]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui
The global bioethics of artificial intelligence and human rights / / by Dominique J. Monlezun
The global bioethics of artificial intelligence and human rights / / by Dominique J. Monlezun
Autore Monlezun Dominique J.
Pubbl/distr/stampa Newcastle upon Tyne, England : , : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, , [2020]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (348 pages)
Disciplina 174.90063
Soggetto topico Artificial intelligence - Moral and ethical aspects
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-5275-5717-0
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910493195603321
Monlezun Dominique J.  
Newcastle upon Tyne, England : , : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, , [2020]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
Opac: Controlla la disponibilità qui