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Additives and crystallization processes [[electronic resource] ] : from fundamentals to applications / / Keshra Sangwal
Additives and crystallization processes [[electronic resource] ] : from fundamentals to applications / / Keshra Sangwal
Autore Sangwal Keshra
Pubbl/distr/stampa Chichester, England ; ; Hoboken, NJ, : Wiley, c2007
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (469 p.)
Disciplina 622
660.284298
Soggetto topico Crystal growth
Nucleation
Additives
Crystallization
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-280-97412-5
9786610974122
0-470-51783-2
0-470-51782-4
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Additives and Crystallization Processes; Contents; Preface; 1 Complexes in Solutions; 1.1 Structure of Common Solvents; 1.2 Structure of Pure Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions; 1.2.1 Solvation of Electrolyte Ions in Solutions; 1.2.2 Concentrated and Saturated Electrolyte Solutions; 1.2.3 Formation of Aquo and Partially Aquo Complexes; 1.3 Structure of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions Containing Additives; 1.4 Polyelectrolytes and Surfactants in Solutions; 1.5 Polydentate Ligands and Molecular Additives; 1.6 Crystal-Additive Interactions; References
2 Three-Dimensional Nucleation and Metastable Zone Width2.1 Driving Force for Phase Transition; 2.2 Three-Dimensional Nucleation of Crystals; 2.2.1 Three-Dimensional Nucleation Rate; 2.2.2 Three-Dimensional Heterogeneous Nucleation; 2.3 Metastable Zone Width; 2.4 Nucleation and Transformation of Metastable Phases; 2.4.1 Crystallization of Metastable Phases; 2.4.2 Overall Crystallization; 2.5 Induction Period for Crystallization; 2.6 Effects of Additives; 2.6.1 Solubility; 2.6.2 Three-Dimensional Nucleation Rate; 2.6.3 Metastable Zone Width; References
3 Kinetics and Mechanism of Crystal Growth: An Overview3.1 Crystal Growth as a Kinetic Process; 3.2 Types of Crystal-Medium Interfaces; 3.3 Roughening of Steps and Surfaces; 3.3.1 Thermodynamic Roughening and the Surface Entropy Factor; 3.3.2 Kinetic Roughening; 3.4 Growth Kinetics of Rough Faces; 3.5 Growth Kinetics of Perfect Smooth Faces; 3.6 Growth Kinetics of Imperfect Smooth Faces; 3.6.1 Surface Diffusion and Direct Integration Models; 3.6.2 Bulk Diffusion Models; 3.6.3 Growth by a Group of Cooperating Screw Dislocations; 3.6.4 Preferential Growth at Edge Dislocations
3.7 Effect of Foreign Substances on Growth Kinetics3.7.1 Some General Considerations; 3.7.2 Growth Kinetics by Heterogeneous Two-Dimensional Nucleation; 3.8 Real Crystal Growth Mechanisms; 3.8.1 Structure of Interfacial Layer; 3.8.2 Sources of Growth Steps; 3.9 Techniques for Studying Growth Kinetics; References; 4 Effect of Impurities on Crystal Growth Kinetics; 4.1 Mobile and Immobile Impurities; 4.2 Surface Coverage and Adsorption Isotherms; 4.2.1 Adsorption Isotherms; 4.2.2 Changes in Surface Free Energy by Adsorption of Impurities; 4.3 Kinetic Models of Impurity Adsorption
4.3.1 Earlier Models4.3.2 Velocity of Curved Steps; 4.3.3 Impurity Adsorption at Kinks in Steps: Kubota-Mullin Model; 4.3.4 Impurity Adsorption at Surface Terrace: Cabrera-Vermilyea Model; 4.3.5 Effectiveness Factor for Impurity Adsorption; 4.3.6 Adsorption of Two Competing Impurities; 4.4 Confrontation of Impurity Adsorption Mechanisms with Experimental Data; 4.5 Time-Dependent Impurity Adsorption; 4.6 Growth Kinetics in the Presence of Impurities; 4.6.1 Basic Kinetic Equations; 4.6.2 Time Dependence of Face Displacement
4.6.3 Dependence of Kinetic Coefficient for Step Motion on Impurity Concentration
Record Nr. UNINA-9910143715003321
Sangwal Keshra  
Chichester, England ; ; Hoboken, NJ, : Wiley, c2007
Materiale a stampa
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Admixtures in crystallization [[electronic resource] /] / Jaroslav Nývlt, Joachim Ulrich
Admixtures in crystallization [[electronic resource] /] / Jaroslav Nývlt, Joachim Ulrich
Autore Nývlt Jaroslav
Pubbl/distr/stampa Weinheim ; ; New York, : VCH, c1995
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (397 p.)
Disciplina 615.19
660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) UlrichJoachim
Soggetto topico Crystallization - Industrial applications
Crystals - Additives
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-281-75861-2
9786611758615
3-527-61531-8
3-527-61530-X
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Admixtures in Crystallization; Contents; 1. Introduction; 2. Classification of Admixtures; 3. Influence of Admixtures on Nucleation; 3.1. Homogeneous Nucleation; 3.2. Heterogeneous Nucleation; 3.3. Secondary Nucleation; 4. Influence of Admixtures on Crystal Growth; 4.1. The Role of the Solid Surface; 4.2. The Role of the Interphase Solid - Liquid; 5. Influence of Admixtures on Crystal Shape; 6. Influence of Solvents; 7. Distribution of Admixtures; 7.1. Solid Solutions; 7.2. Isomorphous Inclusion; 7.3. Anomalous Mixed Crystals; 7.4. Adsorption Inclusion; 7.5. Mechanism of Internal Adsorption
7.6. Mechanical Inclusions7.7. Materials Balance for Crystallization in Presence of Impurities; 7.8. Cascade Purification; 8 . Notations; 9 . References; 10 . Tables; Formula Index; 11 . References to Tables; 12 . Subject Index
Record Nr. UNINA-9910144330103321
Nývlt Jaroslav  
Weinheim ; ; New York, : VCH, c1995
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
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Admixtures in crystallization [[electronic resource] /] / Jaroslav Nývlt, Joachim Ulrich
Admixtures in crystallization [[electronic resource] /] / Jaroslav Nývlt, Joachim Ulrich
Autore Nývlt Jaroslav
Pubbl/distr/stampa Weinheim ; ; New York, : VCH, c1995
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (397 p.)
Disciplina 615.19
660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) UlrichJoachim
Soggetto topico Crystallization - Industrial applications
Crystals - Additives
ISBN 1-281-75861-2
9786611758615
3-527-61531-8
3-527-61530-X
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Admixtures in Crystallization; Contents; 1. Introduction; 2. Classification of Admixtures; 3. Influence of Admixtures on Nucleation; 3.1. Homogeneous Nucleation; 3.2. Heterogeneous Nucleation; 3.3. Secondary Nucleation; 4. Influence of Admixtures on Crystal Growth; 4.1. The Role of the Solid Surface; 4.2. The Role of the Interphase Solid - Liquid; 5. Influence of Admixtures on Crystal Shape; 6. Influence of Solvents; 7. Distribution of Admixtures; 7.1. Solid Solutions; 7.2. Isomorphous Inclusion; 7.3. Anomalous Mixed Crystals; 7.4. Adsorption Inclusion; 7.5. Mechanism of Internal Adsorption
7.6. Mechanical Inclusions7.7. Materials Balance for Crystallization in Presence of Impurities; 7.8. Cascade Purification; 8 . Notations; 9 . References; 10 . Tables; Formula Index; 11 . References to Tables; 12 . Subject Index
Record Nr. UNISA-996212583803316
Nývlt Jaroslav  
Weinheim ; ; New York, : VCH, c1995
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. di Salerno
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Advanced topics in crystallization / / edited by Yitzhak Mastai
Advanced topics in crystallization / / edited by Yitzhak Mastai
Pubbl/distr/stampa [Place of publication not identified] : , : IntechOpen, , [2015]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (372 pages)
Disciplina 660.284298
Soggetto topico Crystallization
ISBN 953-51-4224-0
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910317719603321
[Place of publication not identified] : , : IntechOpen, , [2015]
Materiale a stampa
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Advances in crystallization processes / / Yitzhak Mastai, editor
Advances in crystallization processes / / Yitzhak Mastai, editor
Pubbl/distr/stampa [Place of publication not identified] : , : IntechOpen, , [2012]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (670 pages) : illustrations
Disciplina 660.284298
Soggetto topico Crystallization
ISBN 953-51-4297-6
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Record Nr. UNINA-9910138271203321
[Place of publication not identified] : , : IntechOpen, , [2012]
Materiale a stampa
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Biomineralization [[electronic resource] ] : from nature to application / / edited by Astrid Sigel, Helmut Sigel, Roland K.O. Sigel
Biomineralization [[electronic resource] ] : from nature to application / / edited by Astrid Sigel, Helmut Sigel, Roland K.O. Sigel
Pubbl/distr/stampa Chichester, West Sussex, England, : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., c2008
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (701 p.)
Disciplina 572.51
660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) SigelAstrid
SigelHelmut
SigelRoland K. O
Collana Metal ions in life sciences
Soggetto topico Biomineralization
Minerals in the body
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 0-470-98632-8
1-282-34968-6
9786612349683
0-470-98631-X
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Metal Ions in Life Sciences; Historical Development and Perspectives of the Series; Preface to Volume 4; Contents; Contributors to Volume 4; Titles of Volumes 1-44 in the Metal Ions in Biological Systems Series; Contents of Volumes in the Metal Ions in Life Sciences Series; 1 Crystals and Life: An Introduction; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Global Effects; 3. Minerals within Living Systems; 4. Concluding Remarks; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 2 What Genes and Genomes Tell Us about Calcium Carbonate Biomineralization; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. One Gene-One Protein Approaches
3. Many Genes-One Structure Approaches4. General Conclusions; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 3 The Role of Enzymes in Biomineralization Processes; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. From Ions to Minerals: A Pathway Paved by Enzymes; 3. The "Evolution" of Solids: A Complex Network of Regulation; 4. Mimicking Nature: How Far Can the Design of Biomineralization Enzymes Take Us?; 5. Conclusions; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 4 Metal-Bacteria Interactions at Both the Planktonic Cell and Biofilm Levels; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Planktonic Bacterial Cells
3. Metal-Microbe Interactions4. Microbial Biofilm Communities; 5. Biofilm Microenvironments and Their Impact on Geochemical Interactions; 6. Concluding Remarks; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations and Definitions; References; 5 Biomineralization of Calcium Carbonate. The Interplay with Biosubstrates; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Control in Biological Mineralization; 3. Recent Perspectives on Mineralization Strategies; 4. CaCO3 Growth in Confinement; 5. Crystal Assembly; 6. In Vitro Studies of CaCO3 Mineralization; 7. Calcium Carbonate Nucleation and Growth on Artificial Substrates
8. Summary and OutlookAcknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 6 Sulfate-Containing Biominerals; Abstract; 1. Sulfate-Containing Biominerals: An Overview; 2. Gypsum and Bassanite (Calcium Sulfates); 3. Celestite (Strontium Sulfate); 4. Barite (Barium Sulfate); 5. Jarosite (Potassium Iron Hydroxide Sulfate); 6. Concluding Remarks; Acknowledgments; References; 7 Oxalate Biominerals; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Metallic Oxalates: Physico-Chemical and Structural Properties; 3. Calcium Oxalates in Plants; 4. Calcium Oxalates in Other Forms of Life; 5. Other Oxalate Biominerals
6. Pathological Oxalates7. Oxalates in the Environment; 8. Oxalate Degrading Systems; 9. Conclusions and Perspectives; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 8 Molecular Processes of Biosilicification in Diatoms; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Silicon Transport; 3. Silica Structure Formation; 4. Regulation of Structure Formation; 5. Manipulation of Diatom Silica Structure; 6. Concluding Remarks and Future Directions; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; References; 9 Heavy Metals in the Jaws of Invertebrates; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Iron Biomineralization in Chitons and Limpets
3. Copper and Zinc in Marine Worm Jaws
Record Nr. UNINA-9910146105403321
Chichester, West Sussex, England, : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., c2008
Materiale a stampa
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Crystal growth technology [[electronic resource] ] : semiconductors and dielectrics / / edited by Peter Capper, Peter Rudolph
Crystal growth technology [[electronic resource] ] : semiconductors and dielectrics / / edited by Peter Capper, Peter Rudolph
Pubbl/distr/stampa Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH, c2010
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (368 p.)
Disciplina 660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) CapperPeter
RudolphPeter, Dozent Dr. sc. nat.
Soggetto topico Crystal growth
Dielectrics
Semiconductors - Materials
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 3-527-63289-1
1-283-86975-6
3-527-63288-3
3-527-63287-5
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Crystal Growth Technology: Semiconductors and Dielectrics; Foreword; Contents; Preface; List of Contributors; Part I: Basic Concepts in Crystal Growth Technology; 1: Thermodynamic Modeling of Crystal-Growth Processes; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 General Approach of Thermodynamic Modeling; 1.2.1 Basics; 1.2.1.1 State Variables for the Description of Equilibrium Conditions; 1.2.1.2 The ChemSage Software Package; 1.3 Crystal Growth in the System Si-C-O-Ar (Example 1); 1.3.1 Selection of Species; 1.3.2 Test Calculation, Check of Consistency; 1.3.3 Calculation of Gibbs Free Energy for Selected Reactions
1.3.4 Minimization of Gibbs Free Energy of Complex Systems1.3.5 The Thermodynamic-Technological Model of the Edge-Defined Film-Fed Growth of Silicon; 1.4 Crystal Growth of Carbon-Doped GaAs (Example 2); 1.4.1 Components and Species in the System; 1.4.2 Results; 1.4.3 Extended Model; 1.5 Summary and Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; 2: Modeling of Vapor-Phase Growth of SiC and AlN Bulk Crystals; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Model Description; 2.2.1 Quasi-Thermodynamic Model of AlN and AlGaN HVPE; 2.2.2 Modeling of Gas-Phase Nucleation in SiC CVD and HTCVD; 2.3 Results and Discussions
2.3.1 GaN, AlN, and AlGaN HVPE2.3.2 SiC HTCVD; 2.4 Conclusions; References; 3: Advanced Technologies of Crystal Growth from Melt Using Vibrational Influence; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Axial Vibrational Control in Crystal Growth; 3.3 AVC-Assisted Czochralski Method; 3.4 AVC-Assisted Bridgman Method; 3.5 AVC-Assisted Floating Zone Method; 3.6 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Part II: Semiconductors; 4: Numerical Analysis of Selected Processes in Directional Solidification of Silicon for Photovoltaics; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Directional Solidification Method; 4.3 Crystallization Process
4.4 Impurity Incorporation in Crystals4.5 Summary; Acknowledgment; References; 5: Characterization and Control of Defects in VCz GaAs Crystals Grown without B2O3 Encapsulant; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Retrospection; 5.3 Crystal Growth without B2O3 Encapsulant; 5.4 Inclusions, Precipitates and Dislocations; 5.5 Residual Impurities and Special Defect Studies; 5.6 Electrical and Optical Properties in SI GaAs; 5.7 Boron in SC GaAs; 5.8 Outlook on TMF-VCz; 5.9 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; 6: The Growth of Semiconductor Crystals (Ge, GaAs) by the Combined Heater Magnet Technology
6.1 Introduction6.2 Selected Fundamentals; 6.2.1 Convection-Driven Forces; 6.2.2 The Features of Traveling Magnetic Fields; 6.3 TMF Generation in Heater-Magnet Modules; 6.4 The HMM Design; 6.5 Numerical Modeling; 6.6 Dummy Measurements; 6.7 Growth Results under TMF; 6.7.1 LEC of GaAs; 6.7.2 VGF of Ge; 6.8 Conclusions and Outlook; Acknowledgment; References; 7: Manufacturing of Bulk AlN Substrates; 7.1 Introduction; 7.1.1 Substrates for Group III Nitride Devices; 7.1.2 Growth of Bulk Group III Nitride Crystals; 7.1.3 Sublimation Growth of AlN Crystals; 7.2 Modeling; 7.3 Experiment
7.3.1 Pregrowth Processing
Record Nr. UNINA-9910140165703321
Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH, c2010
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
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Crystal growth technology [[electronic resource] ] : from fundamentals and simulation to large-scale production / / Hans J. Scheel and Peter Capper
Crystal growth technology [[electronic resource] ] : from fundamentals and simulation to large-scale production / / Hans J. Scheel and Peter Capper
Pubbl/distr/stampa Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH, c2008
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (523 p.)
Disciplina 660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) CapperPeter
ScheelHans J
Soggetto topico Crystal growth
Crystal growth - Industrial applications
Crystal growth - Technological innovations
Soggetto genere / forma Electronic books.
ISBN 1-283-86964-0
3-527-62345-0
3-527-62344-2
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Crystal Growth Technology; Contents; Preface; List of Contributors; Part I General Aspects of Crystal Growth Technology; 1 Phase Diagrams for Crystal Growth; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams; 1.3 Phase Diagrams vs. Crystal Growth from Liquid Phases; 1.4 Conclusions; References; 2 Fundamentals of Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Crystal Growth; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Recapitulation of Some Basic Concepts; 2.3 Relationships Between Thermodynamics and Kinetics; 2.4 Thermodynamics of Melt Growth; 2.5 Thermodynamics of Solution Growth
2.6 Thermodynamics of Crystal Growth from the Vapor2.7 Solid-Solid Equilibria; 2.8 Thermodynamics of Nucleation and Interfaces; 2.9 Summary; References; 3 Thermodynamics, Origin, and Control of Defects; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Native Point Defects; 3.3 Dislocations; 3.4 Dislocation Cells and Grain Boundaries; 3.5 Second-Phase Particles; 3.6 Summary and Outlook; References; 4 Thermophysical Properties of Molten Silicon; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Density and Volumetric Thermal Expansion Coefficient; 4.3 Isobaric Molar Heat Capacity; 4.4 Emissivity; 4.5 Thermal Conductivity; 4.6 Surface Tension
4.7 Diffusion Constant4.8 Viscosity; 4.9 Electrical Conductivity; 4.10 Sensitivity Analysis; 4.11 Recommended Thermophysical Property Data for Silicon System; 4.12 Summary; References; Part II Simulation of Industrial Growth Processes; 5 Yield Improvement and Defect Control in Bridgman-Type Crystal Growth with the Aid of Thermal Modeling; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Principles of Thermal Modeling; 5.3 Verification of Numerical Models; 5.4 Yield Enhancement by Defect Control; 5.5 Conclusions; References; 6 Modeling of Czochralski Growth of Large Silicon Crystals; 6.1 Introduction
6.2 Numerical Model6.3 Model Validation; 6.4 Conclusions; References; 7 Global Analysis of Effects of Magnetic Field Configuration on Melt/Crystal Interface Shape and Melt Flow in a Cz-Si Crystal Growth; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Model Description and Governing Equations Under a Transverse Magnetic Field; 7.3 Computation Results for Model Validation; 7.4 Numerical Analysis of a TMCZ Growth; 7.5 Conclusions; References; 8 Modeling of Semitransparent Bulk Crystal Growth; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Numerical Model; 8.3 An Example: Growth of Bismuth Germanate Crystals; 8.4 Conclusions; References
Part III Compound Semiconductors9 Recent Progress in GaAs Growth Technologies at FREIBERGER; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Properties of GaAs; 9.3 Growth of Large-Diameter GaAs Single Crystals; 9.4 LEC versus VB/VGF GaAs Wafers; 9.5 Doping; 9.6 Summary; References; 10 Interface Stability and Its Impact on Control Dynamics; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 Diameter Control; 10.3 Interface Transitions; 10.4 Factors Influencing the Shape of the Solid/Liquid Interface; 10.5 Conclusions and Discussion; References
11 Use of Forced Mixing via the Accelerated Crucible Rotation Technique (ACRT) in Bridgman Growth of Cadmium Mercury Telluride (CMT)
Record Nr. UNINA-9910144685403321
Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH, c2008
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
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Crystallization [[electronic resource] ] : basic concepts and industrial applications / / edited by Wolfgang Beckmann
Crystallization [[electronic resource] ] : basic concepts and industrial applications / / edited by Wolfgang Beckmann
Pubbl/distr/stampa Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (362 p.)
Disciplina 660.284298
Altri autori (Persone) BeckmannWolfgang
Soggetto topico Crystallization
ISBN 3-527-65032-6
1-299-15731-9
3-527-65035-0
3-527-65034-2
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Nota di contenuto Crystallization: Basic Concepts and Industrial Applications; Contents; List of Contributors; 1 Crystallization: Introduction; 2 Mechanisms of Crystallization; 2.1 Crystal Lattice; 2.1.1 Arrangement of Building Blocks and Symmetries; 2.1.2 Unit Cell; 2.1.3 Miller Indices to Describe Crystal Faces; 2.1.4 Lattice Defects; 2.1.5 Equilibrium, Growth, and Dissolution Form of Crystals; 2.1.6 Morphology and Habit; 2.2 Nucleation of Crystals; 2.2.1 Mechanism of Primary Nucleation; 2.2.2 Metastable Zone and Induction Time for Nucleation; 2.2.3 Form Crystallized: Ostwald's Law of Stages
2.3 Growth and Growth Rate of Crystals2.3.1 Kink Position and F, S, and K Faces; 2.3.2 Growth of Ideal Crystals; 2.3.3 Growth of Real Crystals; 2.3.4 Transport Phenomena; Further Reading; 3 Solubility and Solution Equilibria in Crystallization; 3.1 Phase Equilibria and Phase Diagrams: General Issues; 3.1.1 Phases, Phase Rule, and Binary Systems; 3.1.2 Melt and Solution Equilibria; 3.1.3 Thermodynamic Description of SLE: Liquidus Curve in the Phase Diagram; 3.1.4 Phase Diagrams of Ternary and Quaternary Systems; 3.2 Melt Phase Diagrams; 3.2.1 Types of Phase Diagrams and Their Occurrence
3.2.2 Measurement of Melt Phase Diagrams3.2.2.1 Methods; 3.2.2.2 DSC and How to Measure and Interpret DSC Data; 3.2.3 Example of a Diastereomeric System; 3.3 Solution Equilibria; 3.3.1 Solubility and Concentration Units; 3.3.2 Solubility Curves of Inorganic and Organic Substances; 3.3.2.1 Inorganic Substances; 3.3.2.2 Organic Substances; 3.3.3 Solvates, Polymorphs, and Cocrystals; 3.3.4 Influence of Solvents and Impurities; 3.3.5 Measurement of Solubilities and Corroboration; 3.3.5.1 Ensuring Equilibrium Conditions; 3.3.5.2 Excess Method as a Classical Isothermal Method
3.3.5.3 Polythermal Measurements3.3.5.4 Prediction and Correlation of Solubilities; 3.3.6 Oiling-Out; 3.3.7 Ternary Solution Equilibria: Case of Enantiomers; 3.3.8 Quaternary Systems: Case of Reciprocal Salt Pairs; References; 4 Agglomeration during Crystallization; 4.1 Mechanisms and Kinetics of Agglomeration; 4.1.1 Process of Agglomeration; 4.1.2 Kinetics of Agglomeration; 4.2 Parameters Influencing Agglomeration; 4.3 Agglomeration during Crystallization; 4.3.1 Agglomeration during Crystallization; 4.3.2 Spherical Agglomeration; 4.4 Mechanical Properties of Agglomerates; References
5 Polymorphism of Crystalline Systems5.1 Introduction and Definitions; 5.2 Occurrence and Properties of Polymorphs and Solvates; 5.3 Thermodynamics of Polymorphs of Solid-State Forms; 5.3.1 Basics; 5.3.2 Energy-Temperature Diagrams; 5.3.3 Rules to Predict Thermodynamic Relationships; 5.4 Thermodynamics of Hydrates; 5.5 Experimental Techniques to Elucidate Thermodynamics; 5.5.1 DSC jVII; 5.5.2 Suspension Equilibration; 5.5.3 Solubility Measurements; 5.5.4 Other Methods; 5.6 Formation of Various Polymorphs and Solid-State Forms-Polymorph Screens; 5.6.1 Principles
5.6.2 Crystallization Methods and Choice of Solvent
Record Nr. UNINA-9910141466403321
Weinheim, : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013
Materiale a stampa
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Crystallization : science and technology / / edited by Marcello Rubens Barsi Andreeta
Crystallization : science and technology / / edited by Marcello Rubens Barsi Andreeta
Pubbl/distr/stampa Rijeka, Crotia : , : InTech, , [2012]
Descrizione fisica 1 online resource (580 pages) : illustrations
Disciplina 660.284298
Soggetto topico Crystallization - Mathematical models
ISBN 953-51-5009-X
Formato Materiale a stampa
Livello bibliografico Monografia
Lingua di pubblicazione eng
Altri titoli varianti Crystallization
Record Nr. UNINA-9910138439903321
Rijeka, Crotia : , : InTech, , [2012]
Materiale a stampa
Lo trovi qui: Univ. Federico II
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