1.

Record Nr.

UNINA9910743339703321

Titolo

Health studies : an introduction / / edited by Jennie Naidoo, Jane Wills

Pubbl/distr/stampa

Singapore : , : Springer, , [2022]

©2022

ISBN

981-16-2149-7

981-16-2148-9

Edizione

[4th ed.]

Descrizione fisica

1 online resource (471 pages)

Disciplina

658

Soggetti

Health

Lingua di pubblicazione

Inglese

Formato

Materiale a stampa

Livello bibliografico

Monografia

Nota di bibliografia

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Nota di contenuto

Intro -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Notes on Contributors -- Abbreviations -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- 1: Why Study Health? -- What Is Health Studies? -- A Focus on Health -- The Disciplinary Context of Health Studies -- How to Use This Book -- The Chapters -- Investigating Health -- Synthesizing Perspectives: Food, Nutrition, Diet and Obesity -- References -- 2: Human Biology and Health -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of Biology to Health Studies -- Cell Theory -- Homeostasis -- Genes and Genetics -- Ill Health and Disease -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches of Science -- Induction -- Deduction -- Proof and Falsification -- Experimentation -- Techniques -- Case Study: Biological Explanations for Obesity -- Further Reading and Resources -- Resources -- References -- 3: Epidemiology and Health -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of Epidemiology to Health Studies -- The Emergence of the Evidence-Based Healthcare Movement -- The Link between Ill Health and Socioeconomic Conditions -- Concepts of Health and Disease in Medical Epidemiology -- Social Epidemiology -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- The Natural History of Disease -- Identifying Risk -- Classifying Disease -- Diagnosing and Treating Disease -- Surveillance and the Planning and Evaluation of Health Services -- The Methodologies Used by Epidemiology -- Experimental Studies -- Observational Studies --



Cohort Studies -- Case Control Studies -- Prevalence Studies -- Case Study: Trends in Obesity -- How Do We Measure Obesity? -- Is Obesity Increasing? -- Is There Evidence of Increasing Trends in Obesity in Other Countries? -- What Has Caused the Increase in Obesity? -- What Are the Health Effects of Increasing Obesity? -- Who Is at Risk? -- What Evidence Is There of Successful Interventions? -- Further Reading and Resources.

Resources -- References -- 4: Sport and Exercise Science and Health -- Introduction -- What Is Sport and Exercise Science? -- Part 1: Contribution of Sport and Exercise Science to Health Studies -- How the Body Moves -- Physical Activity and Public Health -- Health Benefits of Physical Activity for Patients with Clinical Conditions -- Physical Activity for Population-Based Health -- How Much Physical Activity? -- What Type of Activity? -- Sedentarism and Physical Inactivity-Getting People Moving -- Physical Activity amongst Women -- Older Adults -- Ethnic Minorities -- Active Travel-Walking and Cycling for Health -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches in Sport and Exercise Science -- Sport and Exercise Science Methodology -- Types of Research in Sports and Exercise Science -- Types of Data Collected in Sport and Exercise Science -- Type of Study Designs in Sport and Exercise Science -- Laboratory-Based Versus Field-Based Studies -- Case Study: Sport and Exercise Science in the Context of Obesity -- Quantifying Energy Balance -- Quantifying Energy Expenditure -- Prescribing Exercise -- Muscle: The 'Exercise Factor' for Metabolic Health? -- Summary -- Further Reading -- References -- 5: Geography and Health -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of Geography to Health -- Linking Places to Health through the Natural Environment -- Disease Ecology and Landscape Epidemiology -- Environmental Change -- Population and Health -- Linking Places to Health through the Built Environment -- Urbanisation -- Environmental Exposures and Environmental Justice -- Linking Places to Health through the Socio-cultural Environment -- Culture -- Power -- Health Care and Health Care Delivery -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- Health Mapping -- Geographic Information Systems (GIS) -- Key Applications of GIS to Studies of Health.

Case Study: Obesity and the Built Environment -- Further Reading -- References -- 6: Health Psychology -- Introduction -- Part 1 The Contribution of Psychology to Health Studies -- Health Beliefs and Behaviours -- Beliefs About Causality and Control -- Beliefs About Risk -- Beliefs About Confidence -- Beliefs About Illness -- Communication in Health Settings -- The Experience of Being Ill and the Example of Pain -- Subjective-Affective Processes -- Learning Processes -- The Role of Emotion -- Cognitive Processes -- Catastrophizing -- Attention -- Behavioural Processes -- Pain Treatment: A Role for Psychology? -- Multidisciplinary Pain Clinics -- Part 2 Theoretical and Research Approaches -- The Health Belief Model -- The Protection Motivation Theory -- The Theory of Planned Behaviour -- The Stages of Change Model -- An Integrated Approach -- The Self-Regulatory Model -- Stage 1: Interpretation -- Symptom Perception -- Social Messages -- Stage 2: Coping -- Stage 3: Appraisal -- Developing Interventions to Change Health-Related Behaviour -- Using Social Cognition Models -- Using Implementation Intentions -- Using the Self-Regulatory Model -- Using the COM-B -- Further Reading -- References -- 7: Sociology and Health -- Introduction -- Part One: The Contribution of Sociology to Health Studies -- Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health -- Gender and Inequalities in Health -- Explaining Gender Inequalities in Health -- Race, Ethnicity, and Inequalities in Health -- Ageing, Disability and Inequalities



in Health -- Part Two: Theoretical Approaches -- Functionalist Theory -- Marxist Theory -- Interactionist Theory -- Post-Structuralist Theory -- Case Study: The Social Determinants and Social Construction of Eating -- Social Causation of Food Insecurity and Dietary Inequalities -- Social Constructionist Perspectives on Food, Risk and Insecurity -- Summary.

Further Reading -- References -- 8: Social Policy and Health -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of Social Policy to Health Studies -- The Domains of Social Policy -- The History of the Development of Social Policies in the UK from 1900 to Present Day -- Key Issues on the Social Policy Agenda -- Needs and Priorities -- Access -- Choice and Personalisation -- An Ageing Population -- Part Two: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- The Development of the Discipline -- The UK's Social Policies in an International Context -- Titmuss' typology of Welfare -- Esping-Andersen and Comparative Social Policy -- Gough and Welfare Regimes -- The Policymaking Process -- The Policy Process -- Inputs -- Policymaking -- Outputs -- Outcomes -- Case Study: A Policy Analysis of Obesity in the UK -- Defining the Issue: Framing -- Evidence in the Framing of an Issue -- Stakeholder Engagement and Disengagement -- Competitors and Allies -- Mechanism -- Outcomes -- Further Reading -- Introductory texts -- On social policy -- On health policy -- On policymaking -- Resources -- Health departments of four countries of the UK -- References -- 9: Health Economics -- Introduction -- Part One: The Contribution of Economics to Health Studies -- Market Forces and Healthcare -- The Allocation and Distribution of Healthcare 'Off the Market' -- Part Two: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- Resources and Money -- The Output of Healthcare -- The Economic Notion of Cost -- The Cost-Benefit Approach -- Techniques of Economic Appraisal -- Cost-Benefit Analysis -- Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, Cost-Utility Analysis and the Use of the QALY -- Social Return on Investment -- Case Study: The Use of Quality Adjusted Life Years in the Treatment of Obesity -- Further Reading -- References -- 10: Politics and Health -- Introduction.

Part 1: The Contribution of Political Science to Health Studies -- The Political and the Non-political -- Health Equals Healthcare -- Health and Concepts of Politics -- Health and Political Science -- The Political Nature of Health -- Unequal Distribution -- Health Determinants -- Organization -- Health and Citizenship -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- Conservatism -- Liberalism (and Neoliberalism) -- Socialism and Social Democracy -- Nationalism (and Fascism) -- Feminism -- Environmentalism -- Further Reading -- References -- 11: Organization and Management of Health and Healthcare -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of Management to Health Studies -- Understanding Organizations -- Working Across Organizations -- Managing Healthcare Services -- Working in Groups and Teams -- Leadership -- Managing Change -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- Scientific Management -- Bureaucracy and Organizations -- The Human Relations Approach to Understanding People and Organizations -- Behavioural Theory -- Situation Theory -- Contingency Theory -- Motivation Theories -- Content Theories -- Process Theories -- Systems Theory and the Sociotechnical System Approach -- Chaos (or Complexity) Theory -- Case study: A whole systems approach to obesity -- Summary -- Further Reading -- Resources -- References -- 12: History and Health -- Introduction -- Part 1: The Contribution of History to Health Studies -- The Concept of a Healthy Lifestyle -- Developments in Concepts of Health and Disease: Six Non-naturals --



Air -- Motion and Rest -- Sleep and Waking -- Diet -- Evacuation and Retention -- Passions and Emotions -- Developments in Medicine and Healthcare -- Part 2: Theoretical and Research Approaches -- The Development of the Discipline -- The Historical Method -- Case Study: A Historical Perspective on Obesity.

Further Reading and Resources.